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The Tall Poppy Syndrome: The hidden barrier to personal and professional growth

Published: 08:19, 11 June 2024

Update: 13:30, 11 June 2024

The Tall Poppy Syndrome: The hidden barrier to personal and professional growth

Photo: Collected

Tall Poppy Syndrome (TPS) is a cultural phenomenon where individuals who achieve notable success are resented, criticized, or cut down by their peers. Originating from the analogy of cutting down tall poppies that stand out from the rest, this syndrome manifests in various societal and professional contexts. It discourages excellence and innovation, posing a significant barrier to personal and professional growth.

Understanding and addressing TPS is crucial for fostering environments where individuals can thrive without fear of negative repercussions.

Historical and cultural context

The concept of Tall Poppy Syndrome dates back to ancient Rome, attributed to a story by Livy. In this story, a king decapitates the tallest poppies in his garden to illustrate how he would eliminate the most prominent citizens in a conquered city. Over centuries, this allegory evolved to describe the social tendency to bring down those who stand out due to their success or abilities.

In Australian and New Zealand societies, TPS has become a part of the cultural fabric. These nations, built on egalitarian principles, often emphasise the value of humility and modesty. While these values foster a sense of community and equality, they can also lead to negative behaviours towards those who distinguish themselves in any field. High achievers may be perceived as a threat to the societal balance, leading to a conscious or unconscious effort to "cut them down to size."

Understanding Tall Poppy syndrome

At its core, TPS is rooted in envy and the desire for uniformity. When someone excels, it disrupts the status quo, making others feel insecure about their own achievements. This insecurity often leads to behaviours aimed at diminishing the successful individual's accomplishments. These behaviours can range from subtle dismissive comments to overt attempts to undermine the individual's success.

TPS is prevalent in cultures that value conformity over individual excellence. In such environments, standing out is often perceived as a threat to group cohesion. This mindset stifles diversity of thought and innovation, as people are discouraged from pursuing their unique talents and ideas.

Psychological and social impacts

The impacts of Tall Poppy Syndrome on individuals and society are profound. For individuals, the constant negativity and lack of support can lead to decreased motivation, reduced self-esteem, and even mental health issues like anxiety and depression. The fear of being targeted can cause people to downplay their abilities, achievements, or ambitions, leading to underperformance and unfulfilled potential.

On a societal level, TPS can stifle innovation and progress. When high achievers are discouraged from excelling, society loses out on potential advancements in various fields, from science and technology to the arts and culture. The pressure to conform can create a culture of mediocrity, where exceptional talents and ideas are not nurtured or valued.

Manifestations of Tall Poppy syndrome:

TPS can manifest in various ways, both in personal and professional contexts. In workplaces, high achievers may face passive-aggressive behaviour from colleagues, lack of recognition from superiors, or even sabotage. This can create a hostile work environment, making it difficult for talented individuals to reach their full potential.

In personal relationships, TPS can lead to strained interactions and diminished self-esteem. Friends and family members may downplay achievements, making the successful individual feel guilty or embarrassed about their accomplishments. This can result in a reluctance to share successes or pursue ambitious goals.

Impact on personal growth

The effects of TPS on personal growth are profound. Individuals who experience TPS often internalise the negativity directed towards them, leading to self-doubt and reduced confidence. They may downplay their abilities and achievements to avoid further scrutiny, which can stunt their personal development.

Moreover, the fear of being targeted can deter individuals from setting ambitious goals. The pressure to conform and the fear of standing out can lead to mediocrity, as people opt for the safe route rather than pursuing their true potential. This not only limits personal fulfilment but also deprives society of the unique contributions these individuals could make.

Impact on professional growth

In professional settings, TPS can create a toxic culture where innovation and excellence are not valued. When employees fear that their successes will be met with resentment or hostility, they are less likely to take risks or think creatively. This can hinder organisational growth and competitiveness.

Furthermore, TPS can lead to high turnover rates as talented individuals seek more supportive environments. The loss of high performers can be detrimental to an organisation's success, as it reduces the overall quality of the workforce and diminishes the organisation's ability to innovate and adapt.

Overcoming Tall Poppy syndrome

Addressing TPS requires a multifaceted approach that involves cultural, organisational, and individual changes. Here are some strategies to overcome TPS:

Promote a Culture of Inclusivity and Recognition:

Organisations should foster a culture that celebrates individual achievements and encourages diversity of thought. This can be achieved through regular recognition programs, transparent communication, and inclusive policies that value contributions from all employees.

Encourage self-awareness and empathy

Building self-awareness and empathy among employees can help reduce feelings of envy and insecurity. Training programs that focus on emotional intelligence and team-building can improve interpersonal relationships and create a more supportive work environment.

Provide mentorship and support

Mentorship programs can help high achievers navigate the challenges of TPS. Mentors can offer guidance, encouragement, and strategies for dealing with negative behaviours from peers. Support networks can also provide a safe space for individuals to share their experiences and seek advice.

Promote transparent communication: Open and honest communication can help address issues related to TPS. Encouraging employees to voice their concerns and providing platforms for constructive feedback can prevent negative behaviors from festering.

Lead by example:

Leadership plays a crucial role in combating TPS. Leaders should model behaviors that value excellence and inclusivity, and they should actively discourage behaviors that undermine success. By setting the tone at the top, leaders can influence the overall culture of the organization.

Personal Strategies for Dealing with TPS
Individuals can also take steps to mitigate the effects of TPS on their personal and professional lives:

Build Resilience:

Developing resilience can help individuals cope with negative behaviors. Practices such as mindfulness, positive self-talk, and maintaining a strong support network can strengthen one's ability to withstand criticism and envy.

Stay True to Your Values:

Staying focused on personal values and goals can help individuals maintain their sense of purpose and self-worth. By prioritizing their own aspirations over others' opinions, they can continue to pursue their ambitions without undue fear of judgment.

Seek positive environments:

If possible, individuals should seek out environments that value and support excellence. Surrounding oneself with like-minded, supportive individuals can mitigate the impact of TPS and provide a more conducive environment for growth.

Communicate Effectively:

Clear and assertive communication can help address negative behaviours directly. By addressing issues calmly and professionally, individuals can set boundaries and reduce the likelihood of continued negative interactions.


Tall Poppy Syndrome is a hidden barrier to personal and professional growth that affects individuals and organizations alike. By understanding its origins and manifestations, and by implementing strategies to counteract its effects, we can create environments that encourage excellence and celebrate individual achievements. Overcoming TPS requires a collective effort to shift cultural norms and promote a more inclusive and supportive society. Only then can we unlock the full potential of individuals and enable them to contribute their best to the world.

The writer is a Registered Psychologist of Berufsverband Deutscher Psychologinnen und Psychologen (Clinical section), Germany.